Causes of High MonocytesThe condition of too many monocytes in the body is called monocytosis. Monocytosis can be a response or a sign of a number of conditions, namely:
InfectionVarious infections due to bacteria, parasites, viruses, and fungi can cause high monocytes. For example tuberculosis and mononucleosis (infection due to Epstein-Barr virus).
CancerHigh monocyte conditions are often associated with several types of cancer, especially blood cancer, such as leukemia and lymphoma. One type of leukemia that can cause high monocytes is myeloblastic leukemia. Hodgkin's disease is a type of lymphoma
that causes high monocytesHigh monocytes or monocytosis can also be caused by a number of diseases. For example autoimmune diseases, such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and ulcerative colitis; chronic inflammatory diseases, such as sarcoidosis, inflammation of the intestine, and Crohn's disease; even diseases of the cardiovascular system, such as heart disease. In addition, removal of the spleen, disruption in blood cell production, and stress can also cause high monocytes.
Symptoms of High Monocytes to Watch Out forHigh levels of monocytes or overall white blood cell counts can cause blood to become thick. This condition can cause a variety of the following symptoms:
- Pain in the area of infection, if monocytosis is caused by an infection
- Bruised easily, if monocytosis occurs due to leukemia
- Weight loss without cause
- Night sweats
- Vision is impaired
- Respiratory disorders
- Bleeding in areas covered with mucosa or mucous membranes (mouth, intestine)