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Recognize Conditions that Require Sinusitis Surgery and the Risks

Sinusitis surgery is an operation performed to treat inflammation of the sinuses. This operation is done by cleansing and removing sinus blockages, thus allowing sufferers to breathe freely and free from headaches due to sinusitis. Not everyone who has sinusitis, must undergo a surgical procedure. Sinusitis surgery is only done in cases of sinusitis that cannot be treated only by administering medication.

Conditions that require sinusitis surgery

In addition to sinusitis that cannot be treated with ordinary medicines, there are several other conditions that allow you to perform sinusitis surgery, namely:
  • Recurrent sinusitis.
  • The presence of nasal polyps or sinus polyps.
  • Sinusitis is caused by a fungal infection.
  • Sinus infection that spreads to the bone.
  • Structural abnormalities in the nose or sinus cavity.
  • Chronic sinusitis that accompanies HIV disease.
In addition, sinusitis surgery is also needed if someone has sinus cancer. This cancer is classified as very rare and most often affects men over the age of 40 years.

Various Types of Sinusitis Operations

In practice, sinusitis surgery is divided into three types performed according to the severity of sinusitis, namely:

Functional endoscopic sinus surgery

This procedure is the most common type of sinusitis surgery. This surgery uses an endoscope, which is an elastic tube with a lamp and optical camera at the end. Through this procedure, the doctor can cleanse the sinuses from inflammation and infection tissue that has blocked the sinuses, and improve the flow of air between the sinus cavity and the nose.

Image-guided surgery

This procedure is done by combining the use of endoscopy and CT scan image display on the monitor to see the condition of the inside of the sinus clearly. This procedure is usually performed on patients who have had previous sinus surgeries or on patients with severe sinus infections.

Operation Caldwell-Luc

This procedure is included in operations that are less commonly performed for sinusitis surgery. Caldwell-Luc surgery is performed by improving the drainage flow between the maxillary sinus (sinus cavity under the eye) and the nose.

Consider the Risks and Complications of Sinusitis Surgery

Sinusitis surgery is usually done in a fairly short time (1-2 hours) and does not require hospitalization if there are no complications. After sinusitis surgery, it is natural for sufferers to experience pain, bruising, or swelling. Almost the same as surgery in general, sinusitis surgery also has a risk of complications. One common risk is bleeding. Other complications of sinusitis surgery that are less common include visual disturbances, damage to the eye and surrounding tissue, or permanent numbness in the upper teeth and face. In addition, a very rare complication of sinusitis surgery risks disrupting the sense of smell, and can even cause loss of smell. If you are considering undergoing sinusitis surgery, you should discuss it carefully with the ENT doctor. Do not hesitate to ask about the benefits, the procedures performed, and the risks that may occur due to sinusitis surgery.


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